TEKPOL: Conditions


1990s in the World and in Turkey

The following developments highlighted below shed light on the external conditions affecting the establishment of TEKPOL through the end of the 1990s:

  • In one of the documents from TEKPOL Archive, there is an emphasis on the establishment of World Trade Organization in 1995 after the Uruguay Round. It acknowledges that this new system will be affecting the technology transfer process. By underlying industrial developments since the 1960s in Turkey, this document notes that Turkey has yet to produce "national technologies" in a sufficient manner. 
  • In various documents from the TEKPOL Archive, the transition to knowledge society gets highlighted again and again as one of the main external developments in the world and stands as a rationale for establishing a center for science and technology policies in Turkey. 
  • The emphasis on "technology-based economic development" in Turkey's Seventh Five-Year Development Plan (1996-2000) also appears as a justification point for founding a center towards building science and technology policies in the country.


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Contributed date

August 11, 2018 - 5:25am

Critical Commentary

The artifact responds to the question of external conditions that influenced the institutionalization of STS in Turkey. It shows the importance of the economic development paradigm in this process.

It is part of the PECE essay on “Science and Technology Policy Studies Program” (TEKPOL)  at the Middle East Technical University (METU), prepared for the digital collection on An Archeology of STS in Turkey (2018).





Cite as

Duygu Kaşdoğan, "TEKPOL: Conditions", contributed by Duygu Kasdogan, STS Infrastructures, Platform for Experimental Collaborative Ethnography, last modified 20 June 2022, accessed 23 May 2024. https://stsinfrastructures.org/content/tekpol-conditions