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United States

2014. Berman. "Not Just Neoliberalism: Economization in US Science and Technology Policy"

"Recent scholarship in science, technology, and society has emphasized the neoliberal character of science today. This article draws on the history of US science and technology (S&T) policy to argue against thinking of recent changes in science as fundamentally neoliberal, and for thinking of...Read more

1995. Epstein. "The Construction of Lay Expertise: AIDS Activism and the Forging of Credibility in the Reform of Clinical Trials"

"In an unusual instance of lay participation in biomedical research, U.S. AIDS treatment activists have constituted themselves as credible participants in the process of knowledge construction, thereby bringing about changes in the epistemic practices of biomedical research. This article examines...Read more

1994. Ruscio. "Policy Cultures: The Case of Science Policy in the United States"

"Throughout its history, the relationship between government and science in the United States has been mutually beneficial but also contentious. This article reviews the recent history of this relationship and attributes the conflict to different norms and values in each of the institutions. A...Read more

2004. Dunsby. "Measuring Environmental Health Risks: The Negotiation of a Public Right-to-Know Law"

"Quantitative health risk assessment is a procedure for estimating the likelihood that exposure to environmental contaminants will produce certain adverse health effects, most commonly cancer. One instance of its use has been a California air toxics public “right-to-know” law. This article examines...Read more

2015. Tidwell and Smith. "Morals, Materials, and Technoscience: The Energy Security Imaginary in the United States"

"This article advances recent scholarship on energy security by arguing that the concept is best understood as a sociotechnical imaginary, a collective vision for a ‘‘good society’’ realized through technoscientific-oriented policies. Focusing on the 1952 Resources for Freedom report, the authors...Read more
Anthropologies of the United States

Jessica R. Cattelino describes three ways anthropologists of the United States have located the anthropological field.Read more

2005. Lahsen. "Technocracy, Democracy, and U.S. Climate Politics: The Need for Demarcations"

"Ulrich Beck and other theorists of reflexive modernization are allies in the general project to reduce technocracy and elitism by rendering decision making more democratic and robust. However, this study of U.S. climate politics reveals complexities and obstacles to the sort of democratized...Read more

1995. Kaplan. "The Computer Prescription: Medical Computing, Public Policy, and Views of History"

"This article traces past trends and current developments in medical computing in the United States. It suggests a link between shifts in emphases in medical computing and in federal government policy toward health care delivery. The development of medical computing was not driven solely by the...Read more
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