participation

1993. Laird. "Participatory Analysis, Democracy, and Technological Decision Making"

"Scientific and technological policy issues are not and should not be exempt from the norms of democratic governance. This article examines two major theories of democracy, analyzes their commonalities and differences, and derives criteria for evaluating various forms of public...Read more

2010. Bora. "Technoscientific Normativity and the 'Iron Cage' of Law"

"Participation of a broad variety of actors in decision-making processes has become an important issue in science and technology policy. Many authors claim the involvement of stakeholders and of the general public to be a core condition for legitimate and sustainable decision making. In...Read more

1990. Fiorino. "Citizen Participation and Environmental Risk: A Survey of Institutional Mechanisms"

"Standard approaches to defining and evaluating environmental risk tend to reflect technocratic rather than democratic values. One consequence is that institutional mechanisms for achieving citizen participation in risk decisions rarely are studied or evaluated. This article presents a...Read more

2003. Kelly. "Public Bioethics and Publics: Consensus, Boundaries, and Participation in Biomedical Science Policy"

"Public bioethics bodies are used internationally as institutions with the declared aims of facilitating societal debate and providing policy advice in certain areas of scientific inquiry raising questions of values and legitimate science. In the United States, bioethical experts in...Read more

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