This is an image from Metaphormosis insectorum Surinamensium (Transformation of the Surinamese insects). Marilyn Strathern discusses this image in "Being One, Being Multiple" (Strathern 2015, 127) as depicting "one life-cycle encompassing many forms," of both the plant and the insect.
By Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717) - repro from a book, Senckenberg Naturmuseum, Frankfurt, Germany, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9033543
Discussed in Strathern, Marilyn, Atsuro Morita, and Hugh Raffles. 2015. “BEING ONE, BEING MULTIPLE: A Future for Anthropological Relations.” NatureCulture3: 122–57.
Maria Sibylla Merian, "Metamorphosis insectorum Surinamensium", contributed by Grant Jun Otsuki, STS Infrastructures, Platform for Experimental Collaborative Ethnography, last modified 20 August 2019, accessed 25 May 2022. https://stsinfrastructures.org/content/metamorphosis-insectorum-surinamensium