AO. Colonialists omitting local plant medicine experts; African scientists also omitting names of traditional healers.

AO: Abena Osseo-Asare notes the shifts over time to find ways to compensate and acknowledge multiple contributors to drug innovation. She notes that originally colonial occupation allowed for the obfuscation of the names of plant medicine experts who advised visiting botanists and chemists. By the 1950s, African nationalist scientists sought to be added to the roster of discoverers, assigning their names to patents, papers, and products but they often continued to omit the names of traditional healers or family members who had less access to the language of the laboratory but who had assisted them in their research (200).


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