AO. financing

  • Echoing the discussions raised in the collaboration essay, funding emerges as an important aspect that structures what STS work is done: “chief among these necessary conditions is basic financing. Issues of funding were discussed by every single interview participant and, as in other parts of the world, determined the scope and scale of research activities, which scientific questions were pursued, and how. Rather than simply acknowledging that ‘money is tight’, however, a number of interviewees made a noteworthy distinction between the research activities supported by grant money, and the shortfall not covered by the grants” (41)

  • This is an important point: “the dichotomies that underpin the very notion of the ‘divide: – e.g. online/offline and access/no access – do not tally with the partial and uneven ways in which Internet resources circulate.” (45)


Analytic (Question)




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