bio-nationalism - Wouldn’t it be the case that every nation takes up its own notion of bio nationalism and the locating of such a theory in only non-Western parts of the world only recycles the assumption that they are doing something unique to them? Doesn’t the West possess a bio-nationalism?
"Rather than an areligious institution, Western science emerges from genealogies of Christianity, and West-ern scientific and medical practices are deeply embedded in Christian ideologies and mores. Indeed, the idea of secularism is itself constructed and shaped by specific Christian traditions." - This is a very interesting pronoucement and would love to read a similar book on the idea of Holy science as it relates to the Christian tradition.
"One of the hallmarks of Hindu nationalism is the centrality of “biology” and the scientific within the imagination, teachings, and practices of a political Hindu nationalism—claims of common blood, indigenous DNA, unique theories, native ecologies, and regimes of bodily discipline are all grounded in a vision of Hinduism as a modern, scientific religion. It is thus a thoroughly scientific nationalism. Since I focus on the biological sciences, I have adopted the word bionationalism. First conceived by Gott- weis and Kim (2009) in the context of World War II South Korea, bio- nationalism captures the transformation of traditional ethnic nationalism, primarily of blood and group affiliation, into a biopolitical construct grounded in the biological and scientific. I borrow their term to elaborate a bionationalism in the Indian context, where Hindu nationalist ideas and ideologies are scientized through biopolitical claims about gender, race, caste, and sexuality. Essentialist claims of caste continue to be bolstered in a country where caste remains a defining factor. Indeed, no aspect of life in India is untouched by caste—religious, social, economic, and political."