Despite the peripheral status of the anthropology of technology and material culture, compelling questions remain: What is technology? Is technology a human universal? What is the relationship between technological development and cultural evolution? Are there common themes in the appropriation of artifacts that bridge capitalist and precapitalist societies? How do people employ artifacts to accomplish social purposes in the course of everyday life? What kind of cultural meaning is embodied in technological artifacts? How does culture influence technological innovation-and how does technological innovation influence culture?
Pfaffenberger, Bryan. "Social anthropology of technology." Annual Review of Anthropology 21, no. 1 (1992): 491-516.