This book chapter from the 1995 Handbook of Science and Technology Studies, co-authored by Helen Verran and David Turnbull, explores the concept of 'knowledge systems' through several examples, including builders of Gothic cathedrals, Amer-Indian cultures (Inca and Anasazi), and Micronesian and Yolngu Aboriginal Australian cultures.
Watson-Verran H and Turnbull D (1995) Science and Other Indigenous Knowledge Systems. In: Jasanoff S, Markle G.E, Petersen J.C., and Pinch, T (Eds.) The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: SAGE Publications.