Merton's Normative Structure of Science

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Creative Commons Licence

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Contributors

Created date

February 26, 2019

Critical Commentary

For me, an outsider trying to wrap my head around STS, it seemed imperative to browse through the article 'Normative Structure of Science' (1942) because it seemed to be the starting point or the first reference in many articles that attempted to give an overview of STS. Initially, I was slightly confused about this article being cited with different years in different places and then realized that it was actually revised and edited about 5 times and the final version was published in 1973 and thus the discrepancies in references. Merton describes in a sociological context the norms/ ideals --- Universalism, Communal ownership of knowledge/ideas, Disinterestedness and Organized Skepticism. He suggests that these norms institutionally governs the practice of science, if one may say so.  Although these 'Mertonian norms' as they are referred to have been criticized in many ways, they continue to act as the reference points when one attempts a historical overview of STS.

Language

English

Tags

STS