Grounded theory arose from Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss' collaborative work studying death and dying, published in Awareness of Dying (1965).
There are many variants of grounded theory, yet all include:
Simultaneous data collection and analysis
Analytic codes and categories developed from data, not preconceived hypotheses
Theory development during each step of data collection and analysis
Memo-making (an intermediate step between coding and writing drafts)
Theoretical sampling aimed for theory construction (not intended for representativeness)
A literature review conducted after developing an independent analysis
Grounded theory prevents the researcher from:
becoming a passive observer in the field
Stints of unfocused, lengthy fieldwork
Superficial data collection
Reliance on disciplinary stock categories
Charmaz, K. and Richard G. Mitchell, 2001. “Grounded theory in ethnography.” In Atkinson, et al., Handbook of Ethnography. Sage. Pp. 160-174.
Photo taken by Hined Rafeh and Alli Morgan